Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
In CBT the therapist and client work together to find ways of reacting differently to thoughts and feelings (for example by challenging negative thoughts). It
also aims to bring about changes in behaviour to help clients feel better. It is a structured approach which is usually aimed at a particular problem and the
intervention is fairly brief (6-20 sessions). CBT has a strong evidence base and the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends CBT for
depression, postnatal depression, anxiety, OCD, managing long-term illnesses and post-traumatic stress.
Systemic Therapy is an approach used either with families, couples or individuals which understands psychological difficulties within the context of social
relationships. It explores meanings of the difficulties within these contexts and sees them as 'attempted solutions'. Change is seen as possible within the
system of the client’s relationships.
Narrative Therapy (a type of Systemic Therapy) views problems as separate from people and assumes that people have many skills, competencies, beliefs
and abilities that will assist them to change their relationship with problems in their lives. Narrative Therapy involves exploring the shaping moments of a
person's life, the turning points, key relationships and vivid memories. It assumes that people use certain stories about themselves like the lens on a camera
and that these can often be negative. Narrative Therapy aims to explore the unseen story lines.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
ACT (a type of CBT) aims to help people live full and meaningful lives, whilst effectively handling the pain and stresses that life inevitably brings. It teaches
skills to deal with difficult thoughts and feeling and helps clients to clarify what is truly important and meaningful to them in their lives.
Mindfulness aims to help people reduce stress, difficult thoughts and feelings through meditation-based practices. It involves intentionally switching off
automatic pilot in order to be present, aware and responsive to our experiences. It has been recommended by NICE for people who have experience of
recurrent depression, but has also been used for a range of other difficulties including pain, anxiety and stress.
Compassion Focussed Therapy (CFT)
CFT is a therapeutic approach which draws on ideas in evolution, social psychology, developmental psychology and Buddhism, as well as the latest research
in neuroscience. It includes practices to develop the compassionate mind, a self-soothing system to help create a better balance for clients. It uses a variety
of different techniques such as mindfulness, breathing techniques, imagery and letter writing. This approach is particularly suited to clients with high levels of
shame and self-criticism.
Couples Counselling aims to help couples to overcome difficulties in their relationships with the help of the therapist. NICE also recommends couples therapy
if partners have tried individual therapy and this has not helped.
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Dr Christine Langhoff - Clinical Psychologist London
175 Turney Road, Dulwich Village, London, SE21 7JU
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org | Phone: 07816 382810 / 020 8935 5068
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I am passionate about my therapeutic work and enjoy working collaboratively with my clients to help them overcome their difficulties. I am approachable and
compassionate and openly welcome feedback from my clients. I have extensive training and experience in a number of evidence based psychological treatment
approaches. I am able to work integratively, combining several therapeutic approaches in order to deliver individually tailored interventions.
Clinical Psychologist London - Dr Christine Langhoff